Seven ways to effectively prevent rectal cancer
Cancer is a major killer of human health. Among many cancers, rectal cancer ranks second in incidence. There is a view that rectal cancer is a “civilized disease” that can no longer be ignored because, until today, there is still no method in the medical community that can prevent cancer 100%. This rapidly spreading “disease of civilization”, even in countries with developed modern medicine, doctors are helpless.
However, dietary habits are second only to smoking as a carcinogen, and people can prevent cancer by changing their dietary habits. Because no matter what kind of occupation people are engaged in, lack of diet and unbalanced nutrition may lead to rectal cancer.
The study reported that rectal cancer accounted for 4.9% of all male cancer cases and 1.81% of all female cancer cases. People in countries with a high proportion of meat in their diets had a higher risk of rectal cancer, while those in Mediterranean countries with a high intake of seafood had a lower risk of rectal cancer.
Four factors are easy to cause rectal cancer
Many factors cause people to develop rectal cancer, which can be summarized as the following four:
1. Environmental factors. The incidence of rectal cancer in economically backward countries is generally lower than that in developed countries, but the incidence of rectal cancer in the upper class is higher than that in the lower class. Because the eating habits of upper-class people tend to be high in fat and low in fiber, which is a major factor in developing rectal cancer.
2. Dietary factors. A high-fat diet, especially animal fat, has been shown to increase the risk of colorectal cancer.
Vegetables and fruits are rich in a variety of anti-cancer ingredients, such as vitamins, minerals, fiber, carotene, natural antioxidants, etc., which have a great effect on preventing cancer. If the intake is insufficient, it is easy to develop rectal cancer.
The more beer you drink, the higher your risk of developing colorectal cancer.
Calcium can combine with bile acids and fatty acids in the intestinal tract to become non-absorbable calcium salts, thereby reducing the chance of cancer. Insufficient calcium intake can lead to colorectal cancer.
The survey found that people with low blood selenium concentrations were five times more likely to have rectal cancer than those with high blood selenium concentrations. The content of selenium in the blood and hair of rectal cancer patients is also lower than that of normal people.
Statistics have found that drinking chlorinated tap water may increase the risk of rectal cancer because the chlorine in the water will interfere with the absorption of selenium.
3, genes and genetic factors. Immediate relatives of rectal cancer patients have a higher chance of developing rectal cancer and adenoma than normal people.
4. Other cancer factors. People who have had thyroid cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, or endometrial cancer also have an increased risk of rectal cancer, which is related to endocrine hormones.
What are the signs of rectal cancer?
When rectal cancer develops, there are some signals in the body. Mainly as follows:
1. Changes in bowel habits, alternating diarrhea, and constipation.
2. The stool has mucus, changes in the shape or becomes muddy.
3. The color of the stool changes, mixed with blood.
4. Frequent defecation, often painful or abnormal in defecation.
5. Long-term lower abdominal discomfort, such as abdominal pain, abdominal pain, or dull abdominal pain.
6. The abdominal mass can be palpated.
7. Unexplained anemia.
Seven Ways to Prevent Rectal Cancer
Here are seven ways to effectively reduce people’s chances of developing rectal cancer:
1. Eat more than 5 kinds of fruits and vegetables every day. Long-term consumption of fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of cancer by 50% or more. Eating more spinach and broccoli can keep you away from colorectal cancer.
2. Drink more tea properly. No matter what kind of tea it is, it is a natural plant and contains a variety of antioxidants. Tea can achieve a 20 times stronger antioxidant effect than vitamin E, this is because the cell repair pressure caused by oxidation is the culprit of human aging and cancer.
3. Limit meat intake. In general, people who eat high-fat content are higher in weight, do not like to eat fruits and vegetables, and have a higher risk of cancer than the average person. So the American Cancer Society recommends that people choose low-fat foods, especially to limit animal fats.
4. Limit alcohol. Alcohol significantly increases the chance of cancer. If you smoke at the same time, the two risk factors will be superimposed on each other, creating a higher risk, especially oral cancer and nasopharyngeal cancer, and women’s chances of developing breast cancer will also increase.
5. Eat more soy foods. Various soy foods (such as soy milk, and tofu) contain a lot of natural anti-cancer substances and can prevent menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
6. Active exercise. Exercise can control weight and reduce the risk of various cancers. Exercise can increase gastrointestinal motility and shorten the time that harmful substances stay in the intestines, thus preventing rectal cancer. Get more than 30 minutes of exercise three times a week and cancer will keep you away.
7. Actively quit smoking. Most people easily confuse colon cancer, rectal cancer, and hemorrhoids, and there are often cases of colon cancer and rectal cancer misdiagnosed as hemorrhoids in the medical field. Although the vast majority of blood in the stool is caused by hemorrhoids, colon cancer, and rectal cancer may also coexist with hemorrhoids, and their clinical symptoms are quite numerous and most likely to be confused and ignored. Therefore, if you can receive regular anal screening, it will reduce the chance of misdiagnosis.