This type of cancer which is known as prostate cancer deeply affects not only those people who are middle age or older than that but also hundreds and thousands of men get affected by it. Cancer is a small gland generally found in the body of a man’s lower abdomen. It is placed in the bottom of the bladder and encloses the urethra. Hormone testosterone coordinates to the prostate and makes the seminal into a liquid that is called semen.
According to Kanury Rao Semen is that material that consists of sperm that takes a departure from the urethra at the time of ejaculation. Prostate cancer is formed in the prostate when there is an abnormal development of cells in the body.
Prostate cancer can be of two types. The one is aggressive that grows fast and can expand to other parts or areas of your body. The other one is called nonaggressive grows comparatively low than aggressive prostate cancer and it does not expand to other parts of the body, not even bones.
Causes, Age, and risk factors of prostate cancer:
The cause of prostate cancer is yet to be known but most doctors discovered and noticed that it is caused due to genetics or through certain chemicals. However, the causes do not matter but what matters is the mutation of cells and leads to unrestricted growth of the cell in the prostate.
For prostate cancer, age is the major risk factor as this generally occurs in men who are older than 65 years of age. However, the risk of prostate cancer can increase due to the following risk factors:
- Old age
- Through genetic or hereditary issues
- Changes in genetic
Indication or Symptoms of prostate cancer
Now, we all are well versed in the types of prostate cancer. The aggressive and nonaggressive. The non-aggressive prostate cancer is slow-growing cancer so they do not have any symptoms. Whereas the aggressive one comes with symptoms like:
- Difficulty while urination
- The feeble flow of urine
- Continue the flow of urination mostly at night.
- Pain at the time of urination
- The flow of blood from semen or urine
- Unnatural pain in hips, pelvis, and back of the body
In case you are going through any of the symptoms mentioned above then it’s high time to consult a doctor. However, if you are going through some other symptoms of prostate cancer that have not been mentioned above then go for some tests and examination. Consulting a doctor is a must regarding this issue as they will take care of you and as well as your health with proper diagnosis and treatment.
Diagnosis and screening of prostate cancer:
The screening part of this kind of cancer depends on your preference because nonaggressive prostate cancer does not grow fast so there is no chance of health issues as well. The doctors also provide screening recommendations to patients that are usually men about the advantages and disadvantages of screening for prostate kind of cancer. The recommendation varies from age to age like 40 years of age, 45 years of age, and as well as 50 years of age. It has been recommended by the preventive services task force that doctors cannot force you to undergo a PSA test which means Prostate-Specific Antigen test, it is all upon you whether you want to undergo or not a PSA test.
- Equipment’s for diagnosis: The doctors will do some testing when you undergo the screening process for prostate cancer along with talk about your health. After all the discussions, the doctor may prescribe the following test:
- Digital Rectal Exam: In this test, the doctor places a gloved finger inside your rectum to check your prostate so that they can identify the hard lumps if any on the gland which can be turned into tumour.
- PSA test: PSA test is also called Prostate Specific Antigen. In this type of blood, test doctor detects the levels of PSA and through the prostate, a protein is also produced.
- Biopsy: After confirming the prostate cancer in your body, the doctor will move forward to a biopsy where all small parts of the prostate gland were eliminated by a healthcare provider.
- Others: The doctors may also prescribe further types of tests like Bone Scans, CT scans as well as MRI scans.
How prostate cancer can be prevented?
Prostate cancer comes with various risk factors like age and many other things which are uncontrollable. But there are other things too that are in your hand to control. For instance, if you are a smoker, then you must reduce your smoking habit, it’s better to quit it. As this will increase the risk factor of prostate cancer. To prevent the risk of prostate cancer the two things will help you. The one is your diet plan and the other one is daily exercise such as yoga and others.
- Diet: There are a few foods that will help to reduce the chances of prostate cancer. Foods like soy, fish, tomatoes, broccoli, kale, oil rich in omega 3 fatty acids like olive oil. You must avoid food like red meat, grilled meat, saturated fat, milk, and milk products.
- Exercise: Exercise is the second most important thing to reduce the chances of prostate cancer. There are many benefits of doing exercise or yoga. By exercise, you can lose weight easily. It is recommendable to follow the excise plan prescribed by the doctors for approx. 30 minutes.
To sum up, everything stated so far, as the men’s age increases the risk of prostate cancer is also increases. However, if it is treated and diagnosed early then you will be risk-free. So, it is recommended by Kanury Venkata Subba Rao to consult your doctor as soon as you started noticing the symptoms. In the early stage, it can be easily cured and will not suffer from huge pain or any kind of disorder. Consulting a doctor is another thing first follow your proper diet, have a proper meal which has been approved by doctors or dieticians as this will help you to boost your health and remain fit.
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